International Agreement For Ozone Depletion

Australia remains one of the first countries to ratify the Montreal Protocol for the phase-out phase-out of ozone-depleting substances. In many cases, Australia is well ahead of the requirements of the Montreal Protocol. Australia`s approach is based on a cooperative partnership between industry, the community and all levels of government. Considering that emissions of certain substances in the world can be significantly undermined and alter the ozone layer in another way that can have adverse effects on human health and the environment. Determined to protect the ozone layer by taking precautions to fairly control all global emissions of substances they deplete, with the ultimate goal of eliminating them on the basis of scientific developments The full and sustainable implementation of the Montreal Protocol should allow the ozone layer to recover by the middle of this century. Without this treaty, the depletion of the ozone layer would have increased tenfold by 2050 compared to current levels and would have resulted in millions more cases of melanoma, other cancers and eye cacti. It was estimated, for example, that the Montreal Protocol would save two million people from skin cancer each year by 2030. Within 25 years of the signing, the MP`s parties are celebrating significant events. It is significant that the world has gradually demerited 98% of the ozone-depleting substances (ODS) found in nearly 100 hazardous chemicals worldwide; Each country meets strict obligations; and the Member was granted the status of the world`s first regime with universal ratification; Even the youngest member state, South Sudan, was ratified in 2013. UNEP has received awards for achieving a global consensus that “demonstrates the world`s commitment to ozone protection and, more broadly, to global environmental protection.” [62] The ozone layer filters harmful ultraviolet radiation associated with an increased prevalence of skin and cataract cancers, reduced agricultural productivity and disturbances in marine ecosystems.

The United States ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1988 and added four subsequent amendments. The United States has been at the forefront of the protocol throughout its existence and has taken strong national measures to stop the production and consumption of SDOs such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons. With the full implementation of the Montreal Protocol, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that Americans born between 1890 and 2100 should avoid 443 million cases of skin cancer, about 2.3 million deaths from skin cancer and more than 63 million cases of cataracts, with even greater benefits worldwide. The Montreal Protocol Scientific Assessment Group believes that the implementation of the Montreal Protocol by the middle of the 21st century will allow us to predict an almost complete reconstruction of the ozone layer. The Fund is managed by an executive committee similarly representing seven industrialized countries and seven Article 5 countries, elected each year by a meeting of the parties. Each year, the committee reports on its activities at the parties` meeting. The multilateral fund`s field work in developing countries is carried out by four implementation agencies that have contractual agreements with the Executive Committee:[40] CFCs are transitional substitutes for CFCs used as refrigerants, solvents, solvents for the manufacture of plastic foam and fire extinguishers.

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